The Roman Agora was built in the 1st Century B.C. as the premiere commercial centre of Athens. The marketplace consisted of a large open space surrounded by four sides of Ionic columns. The well-preserved Gate of Athena Archegetis stands at the entrance of the market. An inscription in the gate states that the gate was funded by Julius Caesar and Augustus during the first century. The market is located on the northern side of the Acropolis, where it was surrounded by shops and a fountain. At the second entrance on the east side of the ruins is where one of the most popular features of the Agora remains, the Tower of the Winds. The tower was built to be an elaborate water clock, sundial, and weather vane. The tower is believed to have been built in the mid 2nd century, though the exact date is uncertain.
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